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Clinical Laboratory Analysis Preparations


Stress Tests

Insulin Curve
Curva Insulinemica

Check which C.D.C. clinics offer the the insulin curve test - on the basis of the availability of staff - which envisages a series of samples at to be carried after 30’-60’-90'-120’.

  • Do not eat anything for 8-10 hours
  • Eat a balanced meal the evening before, without over eating or under eating

To measure the insulin curve, the Doctor takes a sample to measure the basal glycaemia and then gives the patient a glucose solution to drink.

This test is performed from Monday to Friday

Glucose Stress Test
Curva Da Carico Di Glucosio

  • Check which C.D.C. clinics offer the glycaemic curve test, to be carried out before 8.00 a.m. in relation to the availability of staff
  • Do not eat anything for 8-10 hours
  • Eat a balanced meal the evening before, without over eating or under eating
  • Basal glycaemia is measured for all Stress Tests. After a brief look at the patient's history, the doctor will assess the suitability of the patient to be tested, and given a glucose solution to drink.
  • Samples are taken:
    • after 30’-60’-90’-120’-150’ for the standard glycaemic curve
    • after 60’-120’ for the three-point glycaemic curve
    • after 60’-120’ for the glycaemic curve during pregnancy

This test is performed from Monday to Friday

Glycaemic Profile
Profilo Glicemico

Check which C.D.C. clinics offer the glycaemic profile - on the basis of the availability of staff - which envisages a series of samples at to be carried out before 8.00 and 11.00 a.m. and at 3.00 and 6.00 p.m. in compliance with protocol.

  • Do not eat anything for 8-10 hours
  • Eat a balanced meal the evening before, without over eating or under eating

Post-lunch Glycaemia
Glicemia Post Prandiale

The sample is taken two hours after lunch, if a member of staff is available (3.00 p.m.)


Clinical Laboratory Analysis Preparations

Food Intolerance Test
Test Intolleranze Alimentari

To have this test, it is necessary to follow these instructions: 
   the patient must not take antihistamines or cortisone for ten days leading up to the test.


24-hour Urine Tests

24-hour Sample Hydroxyprolinuria
Idrossiprolinuria Su Campione Delle 24 Ore

  • Follow a diet for three days, excluding: fish, meat and game, meat extracts or derivatives, ice cream, gelatine
  • You need one or more sufficiently large disposable plastic containers (which can also be purchased from the chemist's)
  • Collect urine from the second urination of the day onwards, throughout the day and during the night, until the first urine of the following day
  • Keep the container in a cool, dark place

Vaginal Colposcopy
Colposcopia Vaginale

To have this test, it is necessary to follow these instructions:     

  • avoid intercourse for three days leading up to the test
  • avoid internal treatments (douches, ovules, pessaries, etc.) for one week leading up to the test, unless otherwise prescribed by the doctor
An appointment must be made to have the sample taken

24-hour Urine Collection
Raccolta Urine 24 Ore

  • You need one or more disposable plastic containers suitable for the collection of urine over a period of 24 hours (which can also be purchased from the chemist's)
  • Collect urine from the second urination of the day onwards, throughout the day and during the night, until the first urine of the following day
  • Keep the container in a cool, dark place

Vaginal Bacteriology
Batteriologico Vaginale

To have this test it is necessary:

  • to avoid intercourse for three days leading up to the test
  • to avoid internal treatments (douches, ovules, pessaries, etc.) for one week leading up to the test, unless otherwise prescribed by the doctor
An appointment must be made to have the sample taken

5-hydroxyindolacetic Acid (5hiaa) - Urinary Metanephrine - Calciuria Normetanephrine – Oxalic Acid - Urinary Catecholamine – Urinary Adrenaline – Urinary Noradrenaline – Inorganic Phosphate – Urine Seratonin - Dopamine
Acido 5 Idrossindolacetico 5hiaa - Metanefrine Urinarie - Calciuria Normetanefrina – Acido Ossalico - Catecolamine Urinarie – Adrenalina Urinaria – Noradrenalina Urinaria – Fosfato Inorganico – Seratonina Urine - Dopamina

  • The urine must be collected over a period of 24 hours, in disposable plastic containers containing 10 ml of 23% hydrochloric acid (HCL), provided by the nearest CDC clinic
  • Collect urine from the second urination of the day onwards, throughout the day and during the night, until the first urine of the following day
  • Keep the container in a cool, dark place

Rectal Swab
Tampone Rettale

This test is usually performed on pregnant women.
Do not take antibiotics during the five days before the test, unless otherwise instructed by your doctor.

Vanilmandelic Acid
Acido Vanilmandelico

  • The urine must be collected over a period of 24 hours, in disposable plastic containers containing 10 ml of 23% hydrochloric acid (HCL), as provided by the nearest CDC clinic
  • Follow a diet for three days, excluding: tea, coffee, vanilla, chocolate, bananas and sweet foods in general
  • Collect urine from the second urination of the day onwards, throughout the day and during the night, until the first urine of the following day
  • Keep the container in a cool, dark place

Vaginal Smear Test
Pap-test Vaginale

To have this test, it is necessary to follow these instructions:     

  • avoid intercourse for three days leading up to the exam
  • avoid internal treatments (douches, ovules, pessaries, etc.) for one week leading up to the test, unless otherwise prescribed by the doctor
An appointment must be made to have the sample taken

Uric Acid And Creatinine Clearance
Clearance Ureica e Creatininica

  • Uric Acid and Creatinine Clearance tests include a blood test, so you must not eat for 8-10 hours before the test
  • Eat a balanced meal the evening before, without over eating or under eating
  • You need one or more disposable plastic containers suitable for the collection of urine over a period of 24 hours (which can also be purchased from the chemist's)
  • Collect urine from the second urination of the day onwards, throughout the day and during the night, until the first urine of the following day
  • Keep the container in a cool, dark place

Tests on Stool Samples

Complete Stool Test
Esami Feci Completo

  • The stool test result comprises the physical and chemical tests, the parasitology test and the search for occult blood, all from the same sample
  • You need a specific container for collecting stool samples (available to purchase from chemist's)

Coproculture
Coprocultura

  • Do not take antibiotics during the five days before the test, unless otherwise instructed by your doctor
  • You need a specific container for collecting stool samples (available to purchase from chemist's)

Faecal Parasitology
Parassitologico Feci

  • Your doctor will usually ask for three samples collected on three consecutive days. It is best to take the single samples to the nearest CDC clinic every day
  • You need three specific containers for collecting stool samples (available to purchase from chemist's)

Occult Faecal Blood
Esame Sangue Occulto Nelle Feci

  • Your doctor will usually ask for three samples collected on three consecutive days. It is best to take the single samples to the nearest CDC clinic every day
  • You need three specific containers for collecting stool samples (available to purchase from chemist's)

N.B.: do not use containers supplied by other structures containing various types of liquids for conservation


Tests on Urine Samples

Complete Urine Test
Esame Urine Complete

  • You need a disposable test tube
  • Collect the first drops of the first urine you pass in the morning

Adult Uroculture
Urocultura Adulti

  • Do not take antibiotics during the five days before the test, unless otherwise instructed by your doctor.
  • You need a disposable sterile plastic container.
  • Wash your hands and genitals thoroughly before collecting the sample
  • Eliminate the first drops of the first urine you pass in the morning (if only the UROCULTURE is necessary)
  • Collect the second stream of urine directly in the container
  • Close the container to prevent contamination

Cytological/ Pap Test On Urine With The Thin Prep Method
Citologico Con Metodologia Thin Prep

  • Your doctor will usually ask for three samples collected on three consecutive days and taken to the nearest CDC clinic every day
  • You need three disposable sterile plastic containers
  • Collect the second urine of the morning

Cytological/ Pap Test On Urine With The Traditional Method
Citologico Con Metodo Tradizionale

Your doctor will usually ask for three samples collected on three consecutive days and taken to the nearest CDC clinic every day

  • You need three disposable sterile plastic containers
  • Collect the second urine of the morning

Pregnancy Test
Test Di Gravidanza

  • You need a disposable plastic container.
  • Collect the first urine of the morning

Microalbuminuria
Microalbuminuria

  • You need a disposable plastic container.
  • Collect the first urine of the morning

Tests on Seminal Fluid

Seminal Fluid Test
Liquido Seminale

Methodological guidelines of the 'WHO Laboratory Manual for the Examination of Human Semen' 2010.

  • Observe a period of abstinence (no intercourse, no masturbation and no spontaneous nocturnal ejaculation) of a minimum of two and a maximum of seven days.
  • Wash your hands and genitals thoroughly before collecting the semen sample
  • Collect the sample at home, masturbating and ejaculating into the sterile container. The sample may be collected using other methods (e.g.: using special non-toxic condoms) only in particular situations, after consultation with the Clinical Test Laboratory.
  • If the test is being performed for legal reasons, the sample cannot be collected at home, but must be collected at the nearest CDC clinic.
  • You need a disposable sterile plastic container.
  • Hand in the sample within 30-60 minutes of collection. The container must be kept upright to prevent spilling any of the sample, and protected from changes in temperature (storage temperature of at least 20°C and at most 37°C).
  • Check the sample delivery time, which may change from clinic to clinic.

Sperm Culture
Spermo Cultura

  • Do not take antibiotics during the five days before the test, unless otherwise instructed by your doctor
  • You need a disposable sterile plastic container (which can be bought at the chemist's)
  • Wash your hands and genitals thoroughly before collecting the semen sample
  • Collect the semen sample in the sterile container

Specific Pediatric Tests

Scotch Test
Scotch Test

  • Go to the nearest CDC clinic to collect three slides and a disposable container
  • Before washing the baby in the morning, place a piece of clear sticky tape across the anal orifice, remove it and stick along the slide
  • Repeat the above procedure three times, once for each slide. Then place all three slides in the container supplied

Uroculture In Babies
Urocultura Pediatrica

  • You need one or more sterile bags (available from the chemist's) and a disposable sterile plastic container
  • Wash the genital area with soap and water and dry thoroughly
  • Apply the sterile bag and leave it in place for 30 minutes. If the baby has not urinated, remove the bag, clean the genital area again and apply a new bag
  • Remove the bag
  • Place the bag in the sterile container